The US government will impose, from next October, a system to reduce delays in the judicial proceedings of deportation of undocumented immigrants.
President Donald Trump has advocated in the last year for accelerating the expulsion of immigrants as part of his restrictive policy and the decision of the Justice Department is the most significant step in that direction.
According to the new system, revealed Monday by The Wall Street Journal , to receive a “satisfactory” evaluation, judges will be required to complete 700 cases a year and that less than 15% of their decisions are returned by a higher court.
In the last five years, each judge has managed an average of 678 cases a year although some have reached up to 1,500, according to the Department of Justice.
In some circumstances, the judge will also be asked to make a decision three days after the judicial hearing for 85% of the cases of immigrants who are detained after their entry into the United States .
The judges’ unions, however, warn that the new system could undermine judicial independence and encourage further delays in the process since the defense lawyers of immigrants could claim not to have had enough time to prepare the case.
Unlike the rest of federal judges, those dedicated to immigration work for the executive branch, which explains why the Department of Justice has the power to establish new mechanisms.
In the last year, the Justice Department has announced plans to hire more immigration magistrates to speed up the deportation procedure.
Nearly 700,000 cases are stuck in immigration courts waiting to be resolved, according to a study by Syracuse University.
In 2009, there were about 225,000 cases.
The delay means that some of the undocumented immigrants have to wait several years until a date is set for the trial that will decide whether they will be deported or not from the US.
Normally, during that time interval, they are authorized to work in the country to be able to have subsistence resources during the waiting period.
The sectors most critical of immigration , championed by Trump, maintain that what that does is encourage irregular immigration to the United States.
The Government has also complained about the legal limitations that establish, for example, that a minor who has crossed the border illegally can not be held by the police for more than 72 hours and that families can not be in detention centers more then 20 days.