The Trans Mountain Pipeline
The Trans Mountain Pipeline, also known as the Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain Pipeline System is a pipeline from Alberta to the west coast of British Columbia that carries crude and refined oil.
It is owned by Kinder Morgan Energy Partners and has been in use since 1953, it is the only pipeline that runs between the two areas. In 2013, an application was filed with the Canadian National Energy Board to build a second pipeline between Edmonton and Burnaby under what has now become known as the Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion Project. It would increase the system’s capacity from 300,000 barrels a day to almost 900,000 barrels a day.
Although it had the support of many large petroleum industry customers, British Columbia said that it did not support the expansion because Kinder Morgan did not provide enough information about their spill prevention program. In 2016, Canada’s federal cabinet approved the expansion but announced that the approval was “subject to 157 binding conditions that will address potential Indigenous, socio-economic and environmental impacts, including project engineering, safety, and emergency preparedness.
This $6.8-billion project will create 15,000 new jobs during construction.” As of January of this year, the B.C. government is still in talks with Alberta concerning the completion of studies on potential spillage. Last month Alberta premier Rachel Notley ordered the Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission to stop future imports of British Columbia wine as a retaliatory sanction.
The Keystone Pipeline
The Keystone Pipeline System is an oil pipeline that runs from Canada to the United States and is owned by the Trans-Canada Corporation. It runs from the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin in Alberta to refineries in Texas and Illinois, as well as oil tank farms and a distribution center in Oklahoma.
The pipeline came to the attention of people in the United States when the fourth phase, Keystone XL became protested and eventually became a symbol of the battle over fossil fuels and climate change. In 2015 the building of Keystone XL was delayed by then President Barack Obama. In 2017, shortly after becoming president, Donald Trump issued an executive order to allow the pipeline to be completed.
In January of this year, TransCanada announces that they had secured a commitment of 500,000 barrels a day for twenty years. They think construction will begin next year.